M04 Ecosystems - Tropical Rainforests

Rainforests of the World
Rainforests cover 6% of the Earth’s land surface and most are found in the equatorial regions between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Some rainforest types also extend north and south to Canada and Chile. They are considered to be amongst the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on the planet, and have long been exploited to various degrees for natural resources by humans.

Over half of the world’s rainforest lies in the Brazilian Amazon River basin of South America which in turn holds about a third of the remaining tropical rainforest. Another 20% is found in Indonesia and the Congo basin in Central Africa and the balance scattered around the tropical regions of the globe.